At Our Lady of the Rosary, we teach phonics using the Letters and Sounds programme, supported, in the Foundation Stage, by the use of actions and songs from the Jolly Phonics Scheme. As children move through the early stages of acquiring phonics, they apply their knowledge by reading texts that contain decodable words linked to their phonic knowledge. As children develop their knowledge of letter/sound correspondences and begin to blend words confidently, they use these skills to read books from a variety of genres.
Letters and Sounds
Letters and Sounds is a systematic approach to the teaching of phonics. It is divided into six phases. Throughout the programme, new skills are taught that continually build on previous learning. At OLRS phonics is taught in an active, practical way to make the learning memorable and fun!
This phase predominantly takes place in pre-school and the early stages of Reception. It is focused on developing children aural awareness of environmental sounds, rhythm and rhyme and oral blending and segmenting.
This phase builds on the oral blending and segmenting of the previous phase. They will also be taught the links between the phoneme (letter sound) and the corresponding grapheme (letter shape).
In this phase the children build on their phonic knowledge to include digraphs (two letter making one sound) and trigraphs (three letters that make one sound). They will also work on blending and segmenting words, as well as reading an increasing number of words by sight.
In this phase, the children consolidate their previous learning. They are also introduced to adjacent consonants and multisyllabic words.
This phase is usually taught in Year One. In this phase, the children broaden their awareness of how to use their phonic knowledge for reading and spelling.
When children enter this phase, they should know most of the grapheme-phoneme correspondences. During this phase, the aim is for children to become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.